Trill's Blog

Peratallada, the richness of the historical and cultural heritage of L’Empordà

Peratallada
In the heart of the Empordà and a few kilometres from the best coves and beaches of the Costa Brava, the village of Peratallada is located in the province of Girona, halfway to Barcelona and also to the French border.

The ease of access, the good climate, the singularity of the popular events, the richness of the historical and cultural heritage and the wide range of activities offered by the area, make the town of Peratallada an ideal place to spend a good holiday either as a couple, with friends, with family or as an individual. Apart from its architectural and historical attractions, the town is renowned for its important range of handicrafts and, above all, its gastronomy. The alleys of the town centre are lined with numerous and attractive restaurants of all kinds, which offer the ideal complement to a visit to the town.

Historic-artistic site and cultural asset of national interest (BCIN).

The town, declared a historic-artistic site and a cultural asset of national interest (BCIN), is one of the most important centres in Catalonia in terms of mediaeval architecture. It is extraordinarily attractive and beautiful, preserving its old feudal appearance, with narrow, winding streets, with numerous inlets and outlets. A walk through the village allows you to discover different views of the castle-palace and the walls and a collection of popular architecture. The whole village is built on stoneware rock, worked in various ways. There is no doubt that the most impressive features are the walls and the moat dug into the rock.

The meaning of the name Peratallada is therefore clear to anyone visiting the town. Peratallada was one of the most well-fortified Catalan towns. The defensive system consisted of three walled enclosures (the main one with the castle in the centre and two others to the north and east) protected by the moat dug into the rock. The visible part of the wall is about 7 or 8 metres deep. The fortified castle with its keep and palace (11th-14th century), the walls (12th-13th century) and the church of Sant Esteve (Romanesque from the beginning of the 13th century) stand out. A curious fact worth mentioning is that Berenguer de Cruïlles (1310 – 1362), bishop of Girona and first president of the Generalitat of Catalonia, was born in this town.

The castle of Peratallada, around which the town was protected, was the centre of the barony that belonged to the Peratallada lineage, documented since the 11th century. The castle is proven to have existed in 1065, but some architectural structures seem to show that there was already an earlier fortress in this town.

The rocky mound rises 4 or 5 metres above the surrounding terrain. Above it rises the great castle, with its characteristic keep, and the magnificent palace, facing east, which overlooks the Plaza del Castillo. Remnants of battlements (a defensive space between the solid stone) can also be seen, giving the building a great attraction and mysticism. The tall keep, the town’s hallmark, is rectangular in shape, crowned by square battlements. It has a lintelled doorway and an intermediate wooden floor. It was built with rows of squared ashlars.

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